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Continuous waste oil production plant analysis report

First, the significance of the historical background of project development :
     With plastic waste tires oil refining waste oil industry is developing rapidly , the production of fuel oil applications are increasingly widespread , and has penetrated into all areas of the national economy and people's daily lives . But at the same time as the industry 's rapid development and practitioners increased prices of raw materials also greatly improved.
    Without reducing the cost of raw materials on the basis of how to improve the added value of fuel oil it ? The easiest way is to waste oil, waste plastic , waste tires produced by distillation of crude oil again ( or called distillation ) . After the oil through distillation is usually yellow or pink , the main technical indicators can reach the national standard diesel standards, crude oil prices than an increase of 2,000 yuan per ton . The production of this renewable fuel selection device is currently in two directions , one is investing hundreds of millions of large petrochemical refining unit , the other direction is the more popular investment only 2 - $ 100,000 earth oven . But soil furnace 's efficiency and safety , environmental protection and relatively poor . How small investment, but some weaknesses to overcome earth oven , is currently an important topic .
    China currently used earth oven is used mainly horizontal fixed processor , process is as follows : waste oil, waste plastics , waste tires produced crude oil cracking top of the processor from the first artificial added , followed by closure of the inlet , then the processor bottom coal or wood as fuel heated slowly , cracking processors typically have 20 cubic meters of volume , feeding 15 tons , generally at least 5 - 7 days to Lianwan . After the stop at least 24 hours , and so on cracking open the processor after the processor has sufficiently cooled slag taphole . Feed port from the processor further feed into the next cycle.
    Our company is committed waste oil refining gasoline , diesel and engine oil regeneration over ten years professional research base oil , waste oil refining recycling plant ( previously known as ECOTECH) is a kind of high-temperature pyrolysis oil to convert it to become No. 0 diesel (or similar to the natural diesel fuel oil ) a technology, technology is the most important component of the pyrolysis furnace in a group , a rectifier , and a set of high-pressure air-cooled condenser , so that waste oil refining waste oil regeneration technology can 85% to 95 % of the hydrocarbons separated ; since cracking furnace operating temperature and process exactly with the refinery crude distillation tower Topping Process steam is separated from the diesel oil manufacturing process is very similar, the isolated product whose quality and No. 0 diesel oil is also very similar. Another major impact of the project to solve the efficient development of the three major difficulties , namely: Quality - Scale - effectiveness ; Therefore, in the country to do this project will :
    First , the establishment of a unique quality assurance system , developed specifically for the successful cracking of waste lubricating oil hydrogenation refining agent , catalyst, prepared a special catalyst , bleaching agents, sweetening agent in the production line, forming styling products .
    Second, to determine - the most economical scale of investment to the country's urban and rural waste oil diffusion density determination lowest cost of collection, transportation , science and design of Nissan 's best five tons of diesel plant scale , all-day production of its equipment , closed clean running oil-producing fast, good quality oil , the oil has a strong outbreak , fire resistant characteristics. The oil conversion rate of 75-90 %, 1 ton of waste oil can produce 1600-1800 pounds of diesel fuel, and 100 pounds of natural gas as a fuel in the furnace burned or recycled , producing no secondary pollution. The turning waste into treasure waste oil technology that solve the environmental pollution and the development of new sources of energy , their social benefits far greater than the economic benefits. Regeneration of waste oil is an environmentally friendly high-tech industry , because of its significant economic benefits , and the end products with high added value , the end product sales easier , in principle , as long as the technology used correctly, no matter where they were all very invest and build factories forward-looking and is highly profitable sectors . According to incomplete statistics , China's daily oil production of around 10 million tonnes of waste oil , the output is so large, and the recovery rate is very low , the development prospects of the use of oil in the production of diesel broad , rich in resources , but also the state support object , and the production process is simple, easy to master technology , intuitive and strong , suitable for factories , collective and individual production operations. SEPA will oil the 21st century as the primary control in the field of environmental protection is one of the three priorities , waste oil will be the 21st century the most potential for development of new industries.
    Third, consummate technology , business methods to be unique, low cost, high efficiency operation , ensure that the project profitable .
     My company after several years of repeated research and experiments , combining the advantages of a large petrochemical refining equipment , weaknesses, based on reality, starting from the actual conditions , after a long period of scientific and technological research , we designed a continuous production launch of the existing diesel refining waste oil purification equipment and waste oil processing technology.
Second, the device features
    The company after years of research , the successful development of waste oil refining diesel leading technology, completely solve the traditional black waste oil refining diesel oil , high viscosity , high density, easily oxidized , smell great , falls far short of key indicators such problems , its outstanding advantages are the following:
    1 , the entire device , small size, high output, easy operation , continuous refueling continuous production.
    2 , the process is carried out under atmospheric pressure at a low temperature , high safety factor , and the resulting oil light in color [ yellow ] , low viscosity , low sulfur content .
    3, efficient gas recovery system . In the refining process, will not generate a lot of liquefied gas, which through two safety devices and gas nozzle seal combustion , which eliminates the air pollution, but also saves a lot of fuel .
    4 , the burner uses advanced anti-burn technology, the production process is run smoke-free environment , environmental effect is good, flue outlet to achieve national emission standards.
     5, the unique proof safety device that allows you no worries .
     6 , low energy consumption and high efficiency: multi-stage catalytic cracking production program , improved product quality. After a multi-stage catalytic after molecular orientation through effective after cutting , can basically meet the requirements of petrol and diesel . Through continuous operation and multi-stage heat transfer technology , compared with intermittent heat the device once more than 50% energy saving , efficiency is increased by 200 % or more.
     7 , distillate yield : the more traditional methods , waste oil 's overall oil yield can be increased by 10 % or more. Unique strength synthetic diesel catalyst enables the reduction of waste oil refining rate of 95 % or more.
    8 , oily slag through the evaporator can be distilled oil within the tailings completely evaporated clean, thereby tailings discharge compared with oil , waste oil can improve the overall oil yield more than 5% .
    9 , by repeating evaporation and constant gas purification device , eliminating the need to add acid , soil washing refining process , which can reduce the oil loss of 3 % or more.
    10 , through the ultra-low temperature vapor condensing device components can be light in the part of non-condensable gas liquefaction of light components collected , as compared with the normal temperature water , waste oil can improve the overall oil yield more than 2% .
    11 Security : Through PLC touch screen automation control systems, security risks can be ruled out in advance . Through multi-channel safety relief device can be safety hazards for release processing . In order to ensure safety in production , particularly in the central control room design , and were set in the production of the relevant parts of the various instruments for tracking and monitoring the timely production of various parts of the data reflected in the central control room , or adjust the production process to keep abreast of the state , timely detection or may occur in the production process is not a normal phenomenon that can quickly make a deal with the phenomenon of non- safety measures, namely accurate and timely exclude the possible security risks, to ensure production safety.
    12 , green : The entire production process is basically operating in a fully sealed , there is no direct emissions "three wastes " phenomenon. Oily waste through combustion device allowing the oily waste combustion in the boiler full of heat, the boiler exhaust gas through the green three filtration, lye sprinklers reach tasteless , colorless emission environmental standards. Using recycled water cooled condensing mode , realize no wastewater discharge. Residue combustion heat by burning the final slag sold to brick factories , achieve no waste emissions.
    13 , short processing cycle : evaporation through constant repetition and gas purification device , eliminating the need to add acid , soil washing refining process , raw materials can be processed into goods that day , the day of sale .
    14 , full automatic intelligent control: PLC touch screen automation control system, intelligent control of the full range of equipment , the data can be significant , controllable . The reaction temperature equilibrium relationship to the material accuracy of the smooth conduct of the reaction , if the temperature fluctuated , pyrolysis degree will fluctuate too high a temperature will be a lot of dry gas that is non-condensable gases , thereby reducing the yield of oil ; while too low a temperature will cause cracking rate and low levels , i.e. incomplete cleavage , resulting in the same oil quality and low yield .
    15 , take the closure of production, electric contact pressure control, continuous production, safety odorless products through liquid phase catalytic gas phase catalysis, acid-base out of the finished product do not refined , color yellow, lower density , carbon chains interrupted at 160-180 between , in full compliance with the standard diesel combustion . The strong variability of equipment and technology available in gas, liquid oils obtained by adding the catalyst can be sold immediately , saving by pH , flocculation cumbersome multi-channel processes , can also be added only in the liquid phase catalysts , cracking the light oil after purification , to reduce costs.
    16 , the heating method unique : the use of far infrared heating and coal heating integrated manner , both environmentally friendly and energy efficient. This device is the first time than the original car to warm up after the device can basically do not require additional power supply or the use of coal for heating the material , basically rely on the production of self-generated heat and dry gas such as self- heating . Comparison with intermittent production technology , processing one ton of fuel oil per can save about 40% of fuel costs .
    17 , a unique high-temperature feeding mode : So far, most small and medium enterprises typically use a refining reactor vertical or horizontal reactor, the raw material production all at once into the reactor, the gradual warming of the way to take the raw material vaporized gradually evaporate , and then gradually cool down after slagging . We have taken into raw materials under high temperature , high temperature exhaust residue craft. This equipment is fed from the oil , slag are pipelined , at the first meet the requirements of the original car temperature at any time after a continuous feed , vaporization , catalytic cracking , oil , slag , as long as normal operation of equipment , the full realization of uninterrupted continuous production , greatly improved production efficiency .
    18 , the design of various forms of slag way . Refining always be a small amount of the residue isolated , these residues can be converted to either type of coke dry residue , the soapstock can be clean, oil does not evaporate so as asphalt or other purposes. This selectivity can be more responsive to the needs of the market , get the best economic and social benefits .
Third, products and raw materials market
    As the world economy by leaps and bounds , the momentum of increasing oil scarcity , energy has become a constraining factor in the economic development of the principal , has proven oil on the global land mine 15 years after completion ! Looking for new sources of energy has become the world concern. Our vast territory , large population, the rapid development of the market economy , the popularity of mechanical vehicles , the oil market in constant growth, China has moved from oil-exporting country into oil-importing countries . As early as 2006 , according to information released by the China Petrochemical Corporation , China's domestic production of crude oil in addition , the need to import eight thousand barrels of crude oil in order to meet domestic market demand. So whether refining raw materials to ensure it ? On the Chinese mainland , the current of each region above the county level , almost all waste tires oil refining crude oil waste plastics factories . In addition , a large number of waste oil, waste oil and other waste mineral oil also needs to deal with . Therefore, a county to establish a 1,500 tons of refined oil refineries, raw materials need to worry about .
Fourth, the main technical characteristics
    1, the device uses pressure catalytic cracking process and product chemical extraction techniques .
    2 , equipped with environmental protection equipment more perfect . ( Such as exhaust gas recycling system and advanced anti-burn technology )
    3 , the unique design of efficient decolorization to taste , low-cost solution of the product color and odor.
    4 , high yield, pure crude oil out of the oil rate of 85 - 90%.
    5 , to change the traditional material for the multi-stage distillation purely catalytic cracking ;
    6 , changing the conventional non-clinical hydrogen reaction is hydrogen conversion reaction ;
    7 , change the temperature low temperature catalytic cracking of vacuum ;
    8 , to change a single -effect evaporation for the double -effect distillation ;
    9 , change the oil as a good diesel hybrid , with a reforming catalyst and synthesis of new technologies such as modified additive formulations .
    10 , equipment , reasonable design, advanced manufacturing technology, high degree of automation , safety facilities.
    11 , widely used, a multi-purpose machine . Such as waste oil, transformer oil, automotive gear oil , automotive waste oil, waste plastic oil, tire oil, coal tar and other industrial waste most of the waste oil .
Fifth, the device applies
    1 , waste oil, waste plastic , waste tire refining crude oil.
    2 , waste oils. For example : gear oil , transformer oil , waste engine oil, waste diesel , waste oil, etc. .
    3 , wash the pieces of waste oil .
    4 , coal tar .
    5 , bio- asphalt oil.
Six , process
    Material → Low-Temperature Catalytic ( hydrogenation conversion agent , a catalyst ) → controlling temperature and pressure creosote ( including three catalytic cracker ) → Refining ( additive ) → Filter → products.
    Will need to be further processed crude oil through the pump into the tubular reactor preheat level for dehydration , and then enter the second tubular reactor , the reaction after cleavage of the oil pump into the tank , and then heating the catalyst under atmospheric pressure , distillate oil and gas, oil and gas by catalytic tower packing into the condenser can be liquefied partial condensation of oil, in part through non- liquefied gas recovery system into the heating system burned. Condensed oil into the oil-water separator to separate water tank and finally into refined oil products generated bleaching to taste .
    Refining Process: electric starter , preheating system , stove, kettle , catalytic towers, cooling towers, water separator, gas recovery , desulfurization , slag system , bleaching mixing tank, off flavor mixing tank , sedimentation reaction cans, environmental equipment , pressure control temperature , etc. Process automation devices .
Seven , waste oil refining equipment and investment supporting body
     ( Automatic continuous production apparatus body equipment accessories Single )
     
Eight , facilities and investment
    1, the field of 500 - 2000 square meters
    2 , brick , steel , asbestos shed 500 square meters
3 , laboratories , offices, distribution room , guard room ,
4 , gates, two , walls
5 , 10 cubic concrete ponds
6,100 tons / day wells, water tower water supply and drainage or water cycle .
8 , fire equipment
9 , male and female toilets
These facilities may be based on their specific investment real budget , not counting the general venue fee , estimated to be about 100,000 yuan investment .
IX Security
    In the refining process, the main component of the exhaust gas can not be liquefied is C1 to C4 alkanes , direct combustion of certain dangerous. Our current production process, it is burned as fuel , first to make it through a safety device - seal, so that it can achieve complete combustion safety . Unique explosive devices , allowing you to produce worry-free. Through multi-channel safety relief device can be safety hazards for release processing . In order to ensure safety in production , particularly in the central control room design , and were set in the production of the relevant parts of the various instruments for tracking and monitoring the timely production of various parts of the data reflected in the central control room , or adjust the production process to keep abreast of the state , timely detection or may occur in the production process is not a normal phenomenon that can quickly make a deal with the phenomenon of non- safety measures, namely accurate and timely exclude the possible security risks, to ensure production safety.
Ten , environmental protection ( waste during the production process )
    1 , the exhaust gas : the entire production process is basically operating in a fully sealed , there is no direct emissions "three wastes " phenomenon. Oily waste through combustion device allowing the oily waste combustion in the boiler full of heat, the boiler exhaust gas through the green three filtration, lye sprinklers reach tasteless , colorless emission environmental standards. By safety device - seal filter , burner combustion , namely eliminating the air pollution, but also saves a lot of energy .
    2 , waste solids ( or liquid asphalt ) : Production process will be a very small amount of waste , recyclable into the furnace burned as fuel . Or the remaining residue processing as carbon black. Or production of asphalt mobile agents can be used as asphalt modifier . There is no waste solids .
    3 , waste : recycling used water cooled condensing mode , realize no wastewater discharge. Oil in the process , will produce some acidic wastewater ( to produce 1 ton of oil will produce about 50 kg waste , the amount is small, easy to handle ) . By adding a weak lye , put neutral wastewater through three filters , to harmless discharged into special evaporation processor ( its heat of the flue of main processor heat ) to evaporate.
Eleven , profit analysis ( with Nissan 5 tons equipment, for example , for reference only )
Material: 4600 yuan / ton × 5 = 23000元
Fuel: 80 yuan / ton × 5 = 400元
Chemical raw materials: 50 yuan / ton × 5 = 250元
Labor: 50 yuan / day × 4 persons = 200 yuan
Other: 200 yuan
Total cost : 23000 +400 +250 +200 +200 = 24,050 yuan / day
Revenue : 5 × 85% ( oil yield ) × 6200 yuan / ton = 26,350 yuan / day
On profits :26350 -24050 = 2300 yuan / moon profit : 2300 × 25 days = 57,500 the first year profit : 57500 × 10 months = 575,000 yuan
    Payback Calculation : Monthly profit 57,500 yuan , the equipment into the plant after 30 working days of being put into operation , the normal production of short- recyclable entire investment.
Twelve , technical standards
     0 # diesel diesel standards or close some indicators above 0 # standards. Flash point ≥ 30 ° C -65 ° C
 XIII Conclusion
     Based on the above analysis and calculation show that : The project is the former State green projects , policy tax-free . Use of waste plastics, waste rubber oil and waste oil, waste oil , etc., as deep processing of raw materials , technically advanced and feasible , less investment, mostly raw materials , the effect quickly , the outlook is good, the best choice is to invest and build factories .

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